Voters headed to the polls or requesting absentee ballots have access now to an online voter guide on Arkansas’ statewide ballot issues

The 2020 Arkansas Ballot Issue Voter Guide, published by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s Public Policy Center, is now available at

Although Election Day is more than a month away, more Arkansans have requested absentee ballots this year because of COVID-19 concerns. Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson signed an executive order in August allowing Arkansas voters to use absentee ballots if they had concerns about their health and COVID-19. County clerks will begin mailing out absentee ballots Sept. 18. Early voting begins Oct. 19 and Election Day is Nov. 3. 

The Public Policy Center has published neutral fact sheets on statewide ballot issues since 2004 to help voters better understand what is being asked of them.

“Arkansas voters have some decisions to make this fall when it comes to the state constitution, but in 2020 fashion the status of several ballot issues remains uncertain,” said Kristin Higgins, a program associate in the Public Policy Center. “Various court challenges may impact what voters see on Election Day, but we urge voters to research the issues so they are prepared either way.”

Due to printing deadlines, Higgins said the publication covers six statewide ballot issues. She said the online guide will be updated to reflect any court decisions. 

This year, proposals include five constitutional amendments and a referendum. These issues are:• A permanent 0.5% state sales tax for state, county and city roads, bridges and other surface transportation (Issue 1)• Changing General Assembly term limits and allowing re-election upon a break in service (Issue 2)• Changing Arkansas’ citizen initiative process, votes required for legislative proposals, and publication requirements for legislative proposals (Issue 3)• The Arkansas Citizens’ Redistricting Commission Amendment (Issue 4)• Changing the state’s primary system for statewide and congressional offices to allow for a single ballot primary, with the top four candidates advancing to the general election for ranked choice voting and instant runoff if necessary (Issue 5)• A referendum on Act 579, a state law legislators passed in 2019 that amended the definition of “Practice of Optometry” (Issue 6)

Issue 1 is the only proposed constitutional amendment not being challenged in court. It was referred to voters by the General Assembly. Opponents are challenging the legislature’s Issue 2 and Issue 3 in Pulaski County Circuit Court over the wording of ballot titles. 

All three citizen-initiated proposals – Issues 4, 5 and 6 – are in court too. The Arkansas Supreme Court recently ruled that Issue 4 and Issue 5 did not qualify for the ballot because of problems with certifying canvasser background checks, but a lawsuit filed in federal court may have revived the two issues. Issue 6 faces the same canvasser background check certification issue, but the Arkansas Supreme Court has not ruled yet on whether the referendum qualifies for the general election ballot.

Understanding the issues

Arkansans see the popular name and ballot title of each proposed constitutional amendment when casting their votes. Every amendment actually includes more information that is not included on the ballot. Voters can find the full proposals and learn more about what they would do in the voter guide. 

The voter guide includes:• How the proposals will appear on the ballot• What a “FOR” or “AGAINST” vote means• Questions and answers about what proposals would do• Supporter and opponent viewpoints

The voter guide is reviewed by University of Arkansas law school professors as well as issue supporters and opponents before publication. 

A limited number of printed voter guide will be available at every county Cooperative Extension Service office by the first week of October. 

Follow the Public Policy Center on Facebook or Twitter for up-to-date information on the ballot issues, or sign up to receive the center’s ballot issue education newsletter by emailing

About the Division of Agriculture

The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s mission is to strengthen agriculture, communities, and families by connecting trusted research to the adoption of best practices. Through the Agricultural Experiment Station and the Cooperative Extension Service, the Division of Agriculture conducts research and extension work within the nation’s historic land grant education system. 

The Division of Agriculture is one of 20 entities within the University of Arkansas System. It has offices in all 75 counties in Arkansas and faculty on five system campuses.

The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension and Research programs to all eligible persons without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran status, genetic information, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.